Springs ISD provides eligible students with disabilities a continuum of
special education services individualized to meet the unique needs of
each student. Special education and related services are
specially designed instructional services that enable all students with
disabilities to make progress in the general curriculum, to participate
in extracurricular and nonacademic activities, and to be educated and
participate with disabled and non-disabled peers in the public school
system. Special Education services are provided at no cost to parents.
Students qualifying for special education services have needs that will
often require support that goes beyond what is normally received in the
regular school/classroom setting. Services, as determined appropriate
by the Admission, Review, and Dismissal (ARD) Committee, are available
in many different instructional settings.
Services may include:
- consultative and/or direct support from special education staff within the general education classroom;
- direct instruction in a small group setting to reinforce instruction given in the general education classroom;
- pull-out services for specific subject areas.
Dripping Springs ISD also provides support in communication skills, life
skills, vocational skills and behavior interventions for qualified
students. Related services may include occupational therapy, physical
therapy, psychological services and adaptive physical education for
students meeting eligibility criteria for these specific interventions.
To qualify for special education, students must have been evaluated in
accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education
Improvement Act of 2004, and be identified as having a disability in one
of the following areas:
Auditory Impairment (AI) Auditory
Impairment (hearing) means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent
or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance
but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this
(hearing) means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child
is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with
or without amplification that adversely affects a child’s educational
Autism (AU) Autism
means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and
nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before
age three, which adversely affects a child’s educational
performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are
engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements,
resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and
unusual responses to sensory experiences.
Deaf Blindness (DB) Deaf-Blindness
means concomitant hearing and visual impairments, the combination of
which causes such severe communication and other developmental and
educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education
programs solely for children with deafness or children or children with
Emotional Disturbance (ED) Emotional
Disturbance means a condition exhibiting one or more of the following
characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that
adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
- An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.
- An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.
- Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.
- A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
- A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
Intellectual Disability (ID) Intellectual Disability means
significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing
concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during
the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational
Multiple Disabilities (MD) Multiple Disabilities means concomitant impairments (such as Intellectual Disability -blindness,
mental retardation-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of
which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be
accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the
impairments. Multiple disabilities do not include deaf-blindness.
Noncategorical Early Childhood (NCEC) Noncategorical
Early Childhood is for students aged 3-5 who have general delays in
their physical, cognitive, communication, social, emotional, or adaptive
development; and who, because of these delays, need special education
and related services.
Orthopedically Impaired (OI) Orthopedic
Impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a
child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused
by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g.;
poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other
causes (e.g.; cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that
Other Health Impaired (OHI) Other
Health Impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness,
including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results
in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that -
- Is due to chronic or acute
health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention
deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition,
hemophilia lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and
sickle cell anemia, and
- Adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) Specific
Learning Disabilities means a disorder in one or more of the basic
psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language,
spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to
listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical
calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities,
brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental
Speech or Language Impairment (SI) Speech
or Language Impairment means a communication disorder, such as
stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairment, or a voice
impairment, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Traumatic
Brain Injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an
external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional
disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a
child’s educational performance. Traumatic brain injury applies to open
or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas,
such as cognition; language; memory; attention; abstract thinking
judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities;
psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and
speech. Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are
congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth
Visual Impairment (VI) Visual
Impairment including blindness means an impairment in vision that, even
with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance.
The term includes both partial sight and blindness.
For more information regarding Special Education services contact:
Director, Special Services Dept.